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The 19th century offers a rupture with the 18th century and a return to greater sobriety in the aesthetic. Exuberance is replaced by majesty, straight and simple lines and the fashion is now for rigor and the monumental. At the beginning of the 19th century, the inspirations are drawn directly from Greek and Roman antiquity. The taste for ancient art revisits the ornamental repertoire of the moment. The neo-classicism of the Empire period takes Antiquity as a moral example. The artists seek to enhance the absolute beauty with clear, sober, and well-balanced designs. Continental wood species are used for the production of furniture: cabinetmakers use precious woods such as mahogany, cherry, walnut, or beech. The beginning of industrialization in the manufacturing process of furniture and objects simplifies ornamentation. The refinement finds a fair measure between aestheticism, practicality, and comfort.
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